The National Museum of Brazil

At a time when modern architecture was characterised by straight lines and right angles, Brazilian modernist architect Oscar Niemeyer took his inspiration from Brazil’s waves to create swooping curves and unheard of arches in reinforced concrete. The National Museum of Brazil was designed to appear as a planet embedded in the ground with the other half of the sphere being completed by the reflection from the pool. Niemeyer’s penchant for concrete curves can also be seen across the UNESCO World Heritage Site – the city of Brasilia.